Experimental Classical Alice Quantum Key Distribution Protocol

Pavel Gurevich, M.Sc. Thesis Seminar
Wednesday, 29.6.2011, 13:30
Taub 601
Prof. Meir Orenstein (EE) and Assoc. Prof. Tal Mor (CS)

We present the first experimental realization of a new semi-classical quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol called classical Alice (with mirror) and its security analysis. The field of quantum information and computation is relatively new and rapidly emerging field of science, and secure key distribution is one of the most prominent practical applications in this area. Unlike other conventional key distribution schemes --- to which we refer as classical --- that rely on (not fully proved) assumptions in mathematics and complexity theory, quantum key distribution relies on quantum physics imposed rules to gain its security. Secure key distribution scheme based on quantum carriers (quantum bits) was first proposed by Bennett and Brassard in 1984. This scheme was later proved to be secure, and its security was proved against the most general kind of attacks thus making schemes using this protocol information secure. originally, quantum key distribution schemes demanded that both parties have quantum abilities. In 2007, it was shown (at the Technion) that the requirement for both parties "quantumness" can be relaxed without violating security. The first protocol, QKD with classical Bob, was followed by a simpler one, QKD with classical Alice which we have implemented and analyzed. We describe a free space based setup that uses visible light to implement a variation of the classical Alice protocol. Our setup which employs a novel idea (suggested by Matty Katz) of a "sub-qubit" measurement using the rotating mirror approach. This idea enables practical implementations of Alice side, and furthermore also renders several attacks again real-world implementations of the original classical Alice protocol impossible.

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