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CGGC Seminar: Turning Planar Materials Into Curved Structures
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Mina Konakovic Lukovic (MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab)
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Monday, 7.12.2020, 16:00
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Zoom Lecture:
Recent advances in material science and digital fabrication provide promising opportunities for product design, mechanical and biomedical engineering, robotics, architecture, art, and science. Engineered materials and personalized fabrication are revolutionizing manufacturing culture and having a significant impact on various scientific and industrial works. As new fabrication technologies emerge, effective computational tools are needed to fully exploit the potential of digital fabrication. In this talk, I will discuss how we use the insights from discrete differential geometry to enable designs not possible before and design new materials with specific properties and performance. We introduce a novel computational method for design and fabrication with auxetic materials. The term auxetic refers to solid materials with a negative Poisson ratio — when the material is stretched in one direction, it also expands in all other directions. In particular, we study 2D auxetic materials in the form of a triangular linkage that exhibits auxetic behavior at the macro scale. This stretching, in turn, allows the flat material to approximate doubly-curved surfaces, making it attractive for fabrication. Furthermore, we develop a computational method for designing novel deployable structures via programmable auxetics, i.e., spatially varying triangular linkage optimized to directly and uniquely encode the target 3D surface in the 2D pattern. In contrast to most previous work, our approach is scale-invariant. It can be applied to realize a broad class of complex curved surfaces, ranging from tiny medical implants to large scale architectural domes.
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