Chamsa" and Computer Science

Avi Cohen

Thursday, 29.12.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

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Pixel Club: VideoSurf's video Recognition Technology in the Connected Devices Race

Eitan Sharon (Videosurf)

Thursday, 29.12.2011, 11:30

Taub 337

Online video content has grown enormously, such that it is a huge proportion of
newly-created content. There are an estimated four billion different video
links available to consumers for watching online. YouTube users alone are
currently uploading about half a million videos a day. The leading mobile
platforms iOS, Android and Windows are provided with ever larger phone screens
for convenient video viewing, and even more so are the various tablets such as
the iPad. Furtherm...

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CSpecial Talk: Synthesis From Temporal Specifications

Nir Piterman (University of Leicester)

Thursday, 29.12.2011, 09:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

In this talk I give a short introduction to the process of synthesis,
the automatic production of designs from their specifications.
We are interested in reactive systems, systems that continuously
interact with other programs, users, or their
environment and specifications in linear temporal logic.
Classical solutions to synthesis use either two player
games or tree automata.
We give a short introduction to the technique of using two player
games for synthesis and how to ...

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Theory Seminar: An algebraic Proof of a Robust Social Choice Impossibility Theorem

Dvir Falik (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Wednesday, 28.12.2011, 12:30

Taub 201

An important element of social choice theory are impossibility
theorems, such as Arrow's theorem and Gibbard-Satterthwaite's theorem,
which state that under certain natural constraints, social choice
mechanisms are impossible to construct. In recent years, much work has
been done in finding robust versions of these theorems, showing that
impossibility remains even when the constraints are almost always
satisfied. In this work we present a general spectral technique for
tack...

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Pixel Club: Distributed Computing: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice

Yuval Emek (ETH)

Wednesday, 28.12.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

The theory of distributed computing, which lies at the heart of understanding the power and limitations of distributed systems, underwent tremendous progress over the last few decades. Despite this progress, there seems to be a widening gap between the traditional models on top of which the theory of distributed computing is built and the real-world problems we wish to investigate through these models. In this talk we will discuss the different aspects of this widening gap and pre...

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Using Individual Human Genomes to Illuminate the Mysteries of Early Human History

Ilan Gronau

Tuesday, 27.12.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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CSpecial Talk: Coding Standards for Software Correctness

Yechiel Kimchi

Tuesday, 27.12.2011, 10:30

Taub 337

From an Engineering stand point it's difficult to argue against the view that software tools should meet, first and foremost, their specifications. This talk concentrates on reminding us a fundamental technique for achieving this goal, while arguing that some basic programming idioms, which most are well known (but not as well followed), can make this technique easier to handle.
This part is an expansion of the terse version I've contributed to the book &q...

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Haifux Club: GPGPU - Case studies, Do's and Dont's (Part 3 out of 4 talks series)

Ofer Rosenberg (AMD)

Monday, 26.12.2011, 18:30

Taub 337

This is a 4 series of 4 talks about GPGPUS, intended for the practical engineer:
1. Motivation, AMD's architecture
2. OpenCL
3.Case studies, Dos and Don'ts
4.Tools and Profiling for Performance
General Purpose GPU programming became a hot topic in the last few years, ranging from academic studies to being used by commercial software products. As an example, three out of the world's top10 supercomputers (June2011 list) contain GPUs in them. This s...

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The traveling salesman problem: Low-dimensionality implies a polynomial time approximation scheme.

Lee-Ad Gottlieb

Sunday, 25.12.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Convex Programming Hierarchies: Trading Time for Approximation

Eden Chlamtac

Thursday, 22.12.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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How to Compute in the Presence of Leakage

Guy Rothblum

Thursday, 22.12.2011, 10:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld. (NOTE UNUSUAL TIME!

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Learning from Natural Instructions

Dan Roth SPECIAL LECTURE, Note unusual day

Wednesday, 21.12.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Theory Seminar: (In) Compressibility of NP-hard Problems

Danny Hermelin (Max-Planck Institut Informatik, Saarbrucken, Germany)

Wednesday, 21.12.2011, 12:30

Taub 337

A compression algorithm for a computation problem is a
polynomial-time algorithm that compresses instances of the given problem
into equivalent instances. The performance of the compression is naturally
measured with respect to its worst-case output size. While NP-hard
problems cannot have compression algorithms with non-trivial performance
guarantees in terms of the original input size (assuming NP is not in P),
some NP-hard problems have surprisingly good compressions when...

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ceClub: Flashback: A New Control Channel for Wireless Networks

Asaf Cidon (EE, Stanford University)

Wednesday, 21.12.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Unlike wired network protocols, Wi-Fi does not separate the data channel from the control channel, since only a single sender and receiver can communicate at a given time slot. Flashback is a system that allows multiple transmitters to send 'flashes' of high power OFDM sub-carriers without affecting the normal data transmissions on the Wi-Fi channel. By taking advantage of SNR margins of Wi-Fi channel codes, the flashes do not impose any overhead on the regular data transmission. ...

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ceClub: MARS: Adaptive Remote Execution Scheduler for Multithreaded Mobile Devices

Tomer London (EE, Stanford University)

Wednesday, 21.12.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Mobile devices face a growing demand to support computationally intensive applications like 3D graphics and computer vision. However, these devices are inherently limited by processor power density and device battery life. Dynamic remote execution addresses this problem, by enabling mobile devices to opportunistically offload computations to a remote server. We envision remote execution as a new type of cloud-based heterogeneous computing resource, or a "Cloudon-Chip", which would...

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Machine Learning: Higher, Faster, Stronger

Ohad Shamir

Tuesday, 20.12.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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CSpecial Talk: Building Software You Can Trust

Ariel Kogan (BMC Software)

Tuesday, 20.12.2011, 14:30

Taub 7

We all write code, as a matter of fact, for most of us is part of what we do on a daily basis be it our jobs, personal projects or studies. However, when all those lines of code that we throw here and there become part of an application and that application is developed by a significant number of developers, we should take proper care of our code.
Many names have been given to proper management of code: Configuration Manager, Application Lifecycle Manager, DevOps, etc. ...

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Bioinformatics Forum: From Coding the Genome to Algorithms Decoding Life

Jasmin Fisher (Microsoft Research, Cambridge, UK)

Tuesday, 20.12.2011, 13:30

Taub 601

The decade of genomic revolution following the human genome's
sequencing has produced significant medical advances, and yet again, revealed
how complicated human biology is, and how much more remains to be understood.
Biology is an extraordinary complicated puzzle; we may know some of its pieces
but have no clue how they are assembled to orchestrate the symphony of life,
which renders the comprehension and analysis of living systems a major
challenge. Recent efforts to creat...

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[ Full version ]

CSpecial Talk: Innovation and Scale at Facebook

Alon Shalita (Facebook)

Tuesday, 20.12.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

In seven years of rapid growth Facebook has become today's most popular
social network, redefining digital identity and the basic set of communication
channels for people worldwide. Many unique engineering challenges were handled
along the way: building products extremely quickly while keeping the high
quality of the service and the low cost of the hardware that supports it,
allowing hori-zontal scaling of highly interconnected datar ,anking news items
for divergent us...

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Challenges in Multi-Agent Systems: Bitcoin, Social Networks, P2P Communities, and Network Protocols.

Aviv Zohar

Sunday, 18.12.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Pixel Club: An Effective Method for Parameter Estimation with PDE Constraints with Multiple Right Hand Sides

Eldad Haber (Math & Earth and Ocean Science, University of British Columbia)

Sunday, 18.12.2011, 11:30

Taub 337

Many parameter estimation problems involve a parameter dependent PDEs with
multiple right hand sides. The computational cost and memory requirements of
such problems increase linearly with the number of right hand sides. For many
applications this is the main bottleneck of the computation. In this talk we
show that problems with multiple right hand sides can be reformulated as
stochastic optimization problems that are much cheaper to solve. We discuss the
solution methodolog...

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Concept-based Approach to Word-Sense Disambiguation

Ariel Raviv

Wednesday, 14.12.2011, 12:30

Taub 601

The task of automatically determining the correct sense of a polysemous word has remained a challenge to this day. It is crucial in many Natural Language Processing (NLP) applications such as speech recognition, information retrieval, machine translation and computational advertising. In our research, we introduce Concept-Based Disambiguation (CBD), a novel framework that utilizes recent semantic analysis techniques to represent both the context of the word and its senses in a hig...

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Theory Seminar: Non-Malleable Extractors with Short Seeds and Applications to Privacy Amplification

Gil Cohen (Weizmann Institute for Science)

Wednesday, 14.12.2011, 12:30

Taub 201

Motivated by the classical problem of privacy amplification, Dodis and
Wichs (STOC '09) introduced the notion of a non-malleable extractor,
significantly strengthening the notion of a strong extractor.
A non-malleable extractor is a function $\nmExt : \{0,1\}^n \times
\{0,1\}^d \rightarrow \{0,1\}^m$ that takes two inputs: a weak source $W$
and a uniform (independent) seed $S$, and outputs a string $\nmExt(W,S)$
that is nearly uniform given the seed $S$ as well as the value ...

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ceClub: Multi-party Computation Forever, for Cloud Computing and Beyond

Shlomi Dolev (Math and CS, Ben Gurion University)

Wednesday, 14.12.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Three works will be described. In the first we present reactive secret sharing, that changes the secret according to unbounded sequence of common inputs, where no communication among the (dynamic set of) participants is allowed, we present a fully secure solution for simple functions but somewhat non secure solution for any function.. In the second work dynamic on-going multiparty computation, in which we consider the case of dynamic group of participants that should not know the ...

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Bioinformatics Forum: From Coding the Genome to Algorithms Decoding Life - Postpond

Jasmin Fisher (Microsoft Research, Cambridge, UK)

Tuesday, 13.12.2011, 13:00

Taub 601

The decade of genomic revolution following the human genome's
sequencing has produced significant medical advances, and yet again, revealed
how complicated human biology is, and how much more remains to be understood.
Biology is an extraordinary complicated puzzle; we may know some of its pieces
but have no clue how they are assembled to orchestrate the symphony of life,
which renders the comprehension and analysis of living systems a major
challenge. Recent efforts to creat...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Pixel Club: Patch Complexity, Finite Pixel Correlations and Optimal Denoising

Anat Levin (CS & Mathematics, Weizmann Institute of Science)

Tuesday, 13.12.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Restoration tasks, such as image denoising, are ill posed problems,
often solved with image priors. As image priors are only approximate,
this yields suboptimal restoration results.
Given the numerous works on image priors and image denoising, it is
thus important to understand the inherent limits posed by natural
image statistics, and what potential gains we may expect from
additional years of research efforts.
Recent studies avoided image priors with a non-parametric app...

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CSL Luncheon: Soft Failures in Cloud Services

Mickey Gabel (CS, Technion)

Thursday, 08.12.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Teaching Machines to Learn by Metaphors

Omer Levy

Wednesday, 07.12.2011, 15:00

Taub 601

Humans have an uncanny ability to learn new concepts with very few examples. Cognitive theories have suggested that this is done by utilizing prior experience of related tasks. We propose to emulate this process in machines, by transforming new problems into old ones. These transformations are called metaphors. Obviously, the learner is not given a metaphor, but must acquire one through a learning process. We show that learning metaphors yield better results than existing transfer...

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Theory Seminar: Data structures for self-healing networks: ForgivingGraph and Xheal

Amitabh Trehaan (Technion)

Wednesday, 07.12.2011, 12:30

Taub 201

In this talk, we consider the problem of self-healing in reconfigurable networks (e.g. peer-to-peer and wireless mesh networks) that are under repeated attack by an omniscient adversary and propose fully distributed algorithms that 'heal' certain global and local properties while doing only local changes and using only local information.
Our model assumes repeated attack by an omniscient adversary. We assume that, over a sequence of rounds, an adversary either inserts...

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ceClub: Crafting Fast Wait-Free Algorithms

Alex Kogan (Technion)

Wednesday, 07.12.2011, 11:30

Taub 337

Lock-freedom is a progress guarantee that ensures overall program progress. Wait-freedom is a stronger progress guarantee that ensures the progress of each thread in the program. The latter property is valuable for systems that need to be responsive, such as real-time systems, operating systems, etc. While many practical lock-free algorithms are known in the literature, constructing wait-free algorithms is considered a complicated task that results in inefficient implementations. ...

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From Cryptography to Algorithms and Back Again

Gil Segev

Tuesday, 06.12.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Pixel Club: Internal Statistics of a Single Natural Image

Maria Zontak (CS & Applied Mathematics, Weizmann Institute of Science)

Tuesday, 06.12.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Statistics of 'natural images' provides useful priors for solving
under-constrained problems in Computer Vision. Such statistics is usually
obtained from large collections of natural images. We claim that the
substantial internal data redundancy within a single natural image (e.g.,
recurrence of small image patches), gives rise to powerful internal
statistics, obtained directly from the image itself. While internal patch
recurrence has been used in various applications, we p...

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CSL Luncheon: Wait-Free Linked-Lists

Shahar Timnat (CS, Technion)

Thursday, 01.12.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The linked-list data structure is fundamental and ubiquitous. Lock-free
versions of the linked-list are well known. However, the existence
of a practical wait-free linked-list has been open.
A wait-free data-structure is a structure in which each thread is guaranteed to
finish each method in a bounded number of steps, regardless of contention and
of the scheduling in the system.
We describe a practical wait-free linked-list based on the lock-free
linked-list algorithm of Harris. W...

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Numerical Methods for Phase Retrieval

Eliyahu Osherovich

Wednesday, 30.11.2011, 14:00

Taub 601

In this work we consider the problem of the reconstruction of a signal
from the magnitude of its Fourier transform, also known as phase
retrieval. The problem arises in many areas of astronomy,
crystallography, optics, and coherent diffraction imaging (CDI). Our
main goal is to develop an efficient reconstruction method based on
continuous optimization techniques. Unlike current reconstruction
methods, which are based on alternating projections, our approach
leads to a much faster...

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Theory Seminar: Efficient Optimization in Machine Learning

Elad Hazan (Technion)

Wednesday, 30.11.2011, 12:30

Taub 201

Linear classification is a fundamental problem of machine learning, in which positive and negative examples of a concept are represented in Euclidean space by their feature vectors, and we seek to find a hyperplane separating the two classes of vectors.
In this talk we'll describe recent advances in efficient algorithms for linear classification and related machine learning problems. In particular we'll describe the first sublinear-time (information-optimal) algorithms...

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ceClub: Replicate and Bundle (RnB) - A Relief for Certain Data Center Bottlenecks

Shachar Raindel (EE, Technion)

Wednesday, 30.11.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

In this talk, we present the Replicate and Bundle (RnB) scheme for relieving back-end processor and network bottlenecks in read-mostly key-value storage systems wherein each user request spawns a large number of back-end small-item requests. This is common in Web 2.0 and online social network systems. Adding processors is of little help because this increases the number of back-end requests per user request, thereby also increasing the overall processor and network load. Instead, ...

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Back to the Future: the reborn of Dataflow computational models

Avi Mendelson

Tuesday, 29.11.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Pixel Club: Generative Reconstruction: An Efficient Way to Flexibly Store andRecognize Patterns

Tsvi Achler (Los Alamos National Labs)

Tuesday, 29.11.2011, 11:30

Taub 337

The brain has recognition capabilities that remain unmatched by
computer algorithms. We hypothesize that using matched
feedforward-feedback connections, recognition centers of the
brain reconstruct an internal copy of inputs using knowledge the brain
has previously accumulated, in accordance with a class models called
"generative models". Subsequently, it minimizes the error between the
internal copy and the input from the environment. We study how this
strategy may enab...

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Haifux Club: GPGPU - OpenCL (Part 2 out of 4 talks series)

Ofer Rosenberg (AMD)

Monday, 28.11.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

This is a 4 series of 4 talks about GPGPUS, intended for the practical engineer:
1. Motivation, AMD's architecture
2. OpenCL
3.Case studies, Dos and Don'ts
4.Tools and Profiling for Performance
General Purpose GPU programming became a hot topic in the last few years, ranging from academic studies to being used by commercial software products. As an example, three out of the world's top10 supercomputers (June2011 list) contain GPUs in them. This s...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Theory Seminar: Side-communication and Efficiency of Accending Auctions

Ron Lavi (Technion)

Wednesday, 23.11.2011, 12:30

Taub 201

We analyze the realistic, popular format of an ascending auction with anonymous item prices, when there are two items that are substitutes. This auction format entails increased opportunities for bidders to coordinate bids, as the bidding process is longer, and since bidders see the other bids and can respond to various signaling. This has happened in many real auctions, e.g., in the Netherlands 3G Telecom Auction and in the FCC auctions in the US.
While on the face of it...

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Pixel Club: Coherency Sensitive Hashing

Shai Avidan (Tel Aviv University)

Wednesday, 23.11.2011, 12:00

EE Meyer Building 1061

Coherency Sensitive Hashing (CSH) extends Locality Sensitivity Hashing
(LSH) and PatchMatch to quickly find matching patches between two
images. LSH relies on hashing, which maps similar patches to the same
bin, in order to find matching patches. PatchMatch, on the other hand,
relies on the observation that images are coherent, to propagate good
matches to their neighbors, in the image plane. It uses random patch
assignment to seed the initial matching. CSH relie...

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ceClub: Self-stabilizing Autonomic Recoverers

Olga Brukman (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 23.11.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

This talk introduces theoretical foundations for system architectures and algorithms for creating truly robust autonomic systems -- systems that are able to recover automatically from unexpected failures. We consider various settings of system transparency. We consider black box and transparent box software packages. The general assumption is that a software package fails when it encounters an unexpected environment state -- a state the package was not programmed to cope with. Cre...

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Liquid Metal: Programming in the Age of Heterogeneous Machines

David F. Bacon

Tuesday, 22.11.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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CSpecial Talk: Software Development by the Agile System

Ronen Bar-Nahor (Agilesparks)

Tuesday, 22.11.2011, 14:30

Amado 233

For abstract please see Hebrew page.
...

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Pixel Club: Toward Computer Vision on a Tight Budget

Todd Zickler (Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences)

Tuesday, 22.11.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

At least in the near term, micro-scale platforms like micro air vehicles and
micro sensor nodes are unlikely to have power, volume, or mass budgets to
support conventional imaging and post-capture processing for visual tasks like
detection and tracking. These budgets are severe enough that even common
computations, such as large matrix manipulations and convolutions, are
difficult or impossible. To help overcome this, we are considering sensor
designs that allow some compone...

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Statistical Parsing in the Face of Language Diversity

Reut Tsarfaty

Sunday, 20.11.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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CSpecial Talk: Theory of Computation as a Lens on the Sciences

Richard M. Karp (University of California at Berkeley and International Computer Science Institute)

Thursday, 17.11.2011, 16:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Many processes in the physical, biological, engineering and social sciences involve information processing at a fundamental level and can be
studied through computational models. This talk will describe the impact of such models on areas such as quantum computing, dtatistical physics,
economics and game theory, mathematics and computational biology.
...

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CSpecial Talk: Beyond 10 Blue Links: How Search Engines Help Users"

Ronny Lempel (Yahoo! Director of Research)

Thursday, 17.11.2011, 15:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

This talk highlights some of the tools made available by search engines to aid users in formulating information needs, digesting complex information spaces and completing tasks online. Much of the innovation and competition in the Web search industry focuses around such tooling, as search engines go well beyond the concept of returning "10 blue links" to users. Examples from multiple search engines will be shown.
...

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CSpecial Talk: Effective Heuristics for NP-Hard Problems

Richard M. Karp (University of California at Berkeley and International Computer Science Institute)

Wednesday, 16.11.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

In many practical situations heuristic algorithms reliably give
satisfactory solutions to real-life instances of optimization problems,
despite evidence from computational complexity theory that the problems
are intractable in general.Our long-term goal is to contribute to an understanding of
this seeming contradiction, and to put the construction of heuristic
algorithms on a firmer footing.
As a step in this direction we describe the evolution of a succesful ...

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ceClub: Observations on Linux Development

Dror Feitelson (CS, Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Wednesday, 16.11.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Linux is used extensively in systems research as a platform for the implementation of new ideas, exploiting its open-source nature. But Linux is also interesting as an object of study about software engineering. In particular, Linux defies common management theories, as it lacks any coherent plan or management structure, but still grows at an ever-increasing rate, while also gaining market share. We will review some previous studies of Linux development and add new observations re...

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Haifux Club: GPGPU - Motivation and Architecture (Part 1 out of 4 talks series)

Ofer Rosenberg (AMD)

Monday, 14.11.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

This is a 4 series of 4 talks about GPGPUS, intended for the practical engineer:
1. Motivation, AMD's architecture
2. OpenCL
3.Case studies, Dos and Don'ts
4.Tools and Profiling for Performance
General Purpose GPU programming became a hot topic in the last few years, ranging from academic studies to being used by commercial software products. As an example, three out of the world's top10 supercomputers (June2011 list) contain GPUs in them. This s...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Multi-Robot Patrol: From Theory to Reality

Noa Agmon

Sunday, 13.11.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

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CSL Luncheon: Deconstructing Amazon EC2 Spot Instance Pricing

Orna Agmon Ben-Yehuda (CS, Technion)

Thursday, 10.11.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Cloud providers possessing large quantities of spare capacity must either incentivize clients to purchase it or suffer losses. Amazon is the first cloud provider to address this challenge, by allowing clients to bid on spare capacity and by granting resources to bidders while their bids exceed a periodically changing spot price. Amazon publicizes the spot price but does not disclose how it is determined.
By analyzing the spot price histories of Amazon's EC2 cloud, we reverse engi...

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Theory Seminar: Rationality, Efficiency and Agreement in Markets and in Social Networks

Omer Tamuz (Weizmann Institute)

Wednesday, 09.11.2011, 12:30

Taub 201

We will discuss some models of interacting economic agents on social
networks. The first part of the talk will include a short introduction
to the topic, including:
- Why assume agents are rational? What does it mean to be rational?
- When is it computationally feasible to be rational?
- When does interaction eventually lead to agreement, and when can
disagreement persist indefinitely?
- When does interaction lead to efficient aggregation of information,
an...

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Improving Cryptography by Studying Entropy

Leonid Reyzin

Tuesday, 08.11.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

There are many different notions of information-theoretic entropy and its
computational analogues. The right notion and a toolbox of lemmas can make
for beautifully simple proofs. Drawing on examples from
information-theoretic key agreement, leakage-resilient cryptography, and
deterministic encryption (no background in these topics is assumed), I will
show how various extensions of entropy can lead to improved cryptographic
constructions.
...

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When can you color a grid and not have any monochromatic rectangles?

Bill Gasarch

Sunday, 06.11.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Theory Seminar: Constant rate LDC's over a small(er) alphabet via tensored AG codes

Yohay Kaplan (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 02.11.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Locally decodable codes are codes that allow decoding of single message bits by reading a sublinear amount of the codeword. These codes have been the object of intense study, of particular interest is the trade-off between the rate of these codes and the query complexity of their local decoding algorithms. When limiting our attention to codes of constant rate, we know of only two such families of codes: Reed-Muller codes and multiplicity codes. While multiplicity codes achieve a h...

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Pixel Club: Fast Poisson Solvers for Signal Processing on Meshes

Michael Kazhdan (John Hopkins University)

Tuesday, 01.11.2011, 14:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

In this talk, we will describe a new, octree-based, FEM solver for
performing geometry-aware signal processing on meshes. We show that by
considering the restriction of functions defined in 3D to the surface, we
can define a regular function space on the mesh that supports both multigrid
solvers, and parallel and streaming computation. We will discuss
applications of the solver to a number of traditional challenges, including
texture stitching, parameterization, interactive ...

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On the usefulness of blowing things up (combinatorially)

Eyal Rozenberg

Tuesday, 01.11.2011, 13:30

Taub 601

This talk will overview the results of my doctoral research in Property
Testing of dense combinatorial structures. In Property Testing, we are
concerned with the number of queries one has to make, or information one
has to read, from an input combinatorial structure in order to make a
rough distinctions between 'good' and 'significantly bad' inputs, where
bad inputs are far from being good; specifically, most studies concerns
such testing algorithms which read only a small frac...

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Pixel Club: Efficient and Accurate Image Filtering Using Running Sums

Elhanan Elboher (School of Computer Science and Engineering The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Tuesday, 01.11.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Non uniform filtering is important for many image processing algorithms. However, for large kernel sizes it can become computationally expensive. In this talk we describe two efficient filtering techniques which are independent on kernel size.
First we present Cosine Integral Images (CII) which represent a large set of spatial and range filters, based on their frequency decomposition. We apply CII for fast computation of the spatial Gaussian and Gabor kernels, whose complexity i...

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Haifux Club: Bare-Metal Performance for I/O Virtualization

Abel Gordon (IBM HRL)

Monday, 31.10.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

Direct device assignment enhances the performance of guest virtual machines by allowing them to communicate with I/O devices without host involvement. But even with device assignment, guests are still unable to approach bare-metal performance, because the host intercepts all interrupts, including those interrupts generated by assigned devices to signal to guests the completion of their I/O requests. The host involvement induces multiple unwarranted guest/host context switches, whi...

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ceClub: On Distributed Coordination Strategies in Cooperative Wireless Networks

Lavy Libman (University of Sydney)

Wednesday, 26.10.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1021

Cooperative and opportunistic communication techniques in wireless networks promise significant performance benefits over traditional methods that do not exploit the broadcast nature of wireless transmissions. However, such techniques generally require coordination among the participating nodes, e.g. to discover available neighbors or negotiate the best course of action after every packet broadcast. The associated coordination overheads negate much of the cooperation benefits for ...

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Pixel Club: Gesture-based Interaction with 3D Cameras

Erhardt Barth (Institute for Neuro- and Bioinformatics, University of Luebeck, Germany)

Tuesday, 25.10.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

In this talk, Prof. Erhardt will discuss the ARTTS project (www.artts.eu) and
summary its main results. He will also give an overview of the main activities he is conducted at
gestigon, a company he created that deals with Gesture technologies
(www.gestigon.com).
Prof. Erhardt will also extends the discussion on different research topics
that have been applied in this context to
(i) the geometrical approach to feature extraction,
(ii) the principle of sparse codi...

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Haifux Club: How to Participate in the Linux Kernel Development (and Why)

Baruch Siach

Monday, 10.10.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

The Linux kernel is one of the largest scale free software projects.
More than thousand developers contribute code to each kernel release.
Becoming one of them is not an easy challenge. First you need to
familiarize yourself with the technical side of kernel development,
with its unique peculiarities. Then, you need to understand and carry
out the long, and sometimes painful, process of patch submission.
However, the reward for this pain is great.
This lecture is ...

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Haifux Club: Deconstructing Amazon EC2 Spot Instance Pricing

Orna Agmon Ben-Yehuda (CS, Technion)

Monday, 26.09.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

Cloud providers possessing large quantities of spare capacity must either incentivize clients to purchase it or suffer losses. Amazon is the first cloud provider to address this challenge, by allowing clients to bid on spare capacity and by granting resources to bidders while their bids exceed a periodically changing spot price. Amazon publicizes the spot price but does not disclose how it is determined.
By analyzing the spot price histories of Amazon's EC2 cloud, we reverse eng...

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Programming Applications over the Semantic Web

Vadim Eisenberg

Sunday, 25.09.2011, 12:00

Taub 601

Two of the hardest problems of developing data-processing applications
are: (1) integrating data from heterogeneous sources, and (2) handling
the inherent discrepancies between data models of the sources and models
of programming languages, e.g., the object-relational impedance
mismatch. The Semantic Web is a set of technologies (RDF, RDFS, OWL,
SPARQL) that facilitate data integration. However, it does not solve the
impedance mismatch problem. It merely exchanges object-rel...

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Search: past, present, and some possible futures

Udi Manber SPECIAL LECTURE

Tuesday, 13.09.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Haifux Club: Mesh Networks | Hacking the T3lc0 Model

Amir Sagie (Arig Project)

Monday, 29.08.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

Want to build your own Telco? you'll probable need mesh power. Avoid past mistakes by learning about the history of mesh networks, hear how the first wi-fi router was liberated and be sure to checkout what we're doing in project Arig ( http://arig.org.il), here in Israel! Be sure to attend the router emancipation party afterwords: bring your wi-fi router and wash away all it's sins by flashing it with a Foss OS such as OpenWRT. complete redemption guaranteed.
...

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An Unbiased Rational Decision Making Procedure for Multiple-Adversary Environments

Anat Hashavit

Wednesday, 24.08.2011, 13:00

Taub 601

In binary-utility games, an agent can have only two possible utility values for final
states, 1 (win) and 0 (lose). We define an unbiased rational agent as one that seeks to
maximize its utility value, but is equally likely to choose between states with the same
utility value. In particular, it will prefer winning over losing but will be indifferent as to
which winning ( or losing state) is chosen. This induces a probability distribution over the
game tree, from which an agen...

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Supervised Learning of Semantic Relatedness

David Yanay

Wednesday, 17.08.2011, 14:00

Taub 601

We propose and study a novel supervised approach to learning
semantic relatedness from examples. Using an empirical risk
minimization approach our algorithm computes a weighted
measure of term co-occurrence with respect to a corpus of
text documents, and utilizes the labeled examples to fit the
model to the training sample. Our method is corpus independent
and can essentially rely on any sufficiently large (unstructured)
collection of coherent texts. We present the results of ...

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Haifux Club: 0 A.D. Revisited (And Perhaps a Few Words About Wikimania 2011)

Aviv Sharon

Monday, 15.08.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

0 A.D. is a FOSS game of ancient warfare, belonging to a genre of games called Real-Time Strategy (RTS). It is mostly implemented in C++, along with scripts in JavaScript, and runs on Windows, Linux and Mac OS. The game was last presented at Haifux in December 2009 and has developed tremendously since then, with advances in graphics, A* pathfinding, opponent AI and more. Aviv will demonstrate some of the new features of the game of particular interest to Comp Sci people and explai...

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Pixel Club: Modeling Fluid Flow on Inertial Manifolds: Physics, Geometry and the Challenge of Model Reduction

Gilead Tadmor (Northeastern University, Boston)

Tuesday, 02.08.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Model order reduction is essential for feasible analysis, design,
realtime control of distributed systems. Recent uses also include
accelerating detailed simulations and the extraction of actionable
meaning from large scale data streams. Alas, a mature and
mathematically rigorous theory is largely limited to the linear case,
and even there, the mere computational complexity its tools entail,
restrict its use to relatively moderate dimensions. Heuristics fill in
the gap, wit...

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Pixel Club: Topics in Over-parametrized based Variational Methods

Shachar Shem-Tov (CS, Technion)

Thursday, 28.07.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We discuss a variational methodology, which involves locally modeling of data
from noisy samples, combined with global model parameter regularization.
We show that this methodology encompasses many previously proposed algorithms,
from the celebrated moving least squares methods to the globally optimal
over-parametrization methods recently published for smoothing and optic flow
estimation.
However, the unified look at the range of problems and methods previously
c...

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Haifux Club: How to Spread Knowledge Throughout the World While Wearing Only Your Slippers (or Wikimedia, Wikipedia and free content projects)

Tomer Ashur

Monday, 25.07.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

Since its first emergence in 2001, Wikipedia had grown drastically to become the fifth most viewed website over the Internet in 2012. With over
12,000,000 articles in more than 250 languages this is now the largest
source of information ever existed. The Wikimedia foundation has been
founded in 2003 as a non-profit organization to support Wikipedia as well as other online and offline free content projects.
...

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Finding a job and the two body problem

Avinatan Hassidim SPECIAL GUEST LECTURE

Thursday, 21.07.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Colloq_CS_EE: String Reconstruction from Substring Compositions

Alon Orlitsky (ECE and CSE, UC San Diego)

Wednesday, 20.07.2011, 13:30

EE Meyer Building 1003

Motivated by mass-spectrometry protein sequencing, we consider the simple
problem of reconstructing a string from its substring compositions. Relating
the question to the long-standing turnpike problem, polynomial factorization,
and cyclotomic polynomials, we cleanly characterize the lengths of
reconstructable strings and the structure of non-reconstructable ones.
The talk is elementary and self contained and covers work with Jayadev Acharya,
Hirakendu Das, Olgica Milenkovic...

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Handovers with Forward Admission Control for Adaptive TCP Streaming in Multihop Wireless Networks

Anya Levin

Wednesday, 13.07.2011, 15:00

Taub 601

Media streaming over TCP is becoming popular because TCP's congestion control provides remarkable stability to the Internet. However, TCP also introduces significant latency and throughput variability in the presence of mobility and frequent handovers. The effect of handovers can be mitigated if the packets received by the old base station during handover are forwarded to the new base station. When the bandwidth of the backbone is scarce, as in a multihop wireless network, packet ...

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Bioinformatics Forum: Identity by Descent in Medical and Population Genetics

Itsik Pe'er (Computer Science,Columbia University)

Wednesday, 13.07.2011, 13:30

Taub 701

Abstract: Shared segments that are Identical-by-Descent (IBD) from a recent
common ancestor of purported unrelateds provide unique source of information
for population and medical genetics: IBD addresses recent, rare variation, and
is therefore key for interpreting data on the seam between SNP-array and
sequencing studies. We have developed a rapid algorithm to efficiently detect
IBD segments, enabling such analysis in large cohorts. We formalize this
analysis in the context...

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Selective Prediction of Financial Trends with Hidden Markov Models

Dmitry Pidan

Wednesday, 13.07.2011, 13:00

Taub 601

Focusing on short term trend prediction in a financial context we consider the problem of selective prediction whereby
the predictor can abstain from prediction in order to improve its performance. The main characteristic of selective
predictors is the trade-off they exhibit between error and coverage rates. In the context of classification selective
prediction is termed "classification with a reject option", and there the main idea for implementing rejection is Chow's ambig...

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Theory Seminar: Dispersers for Affine Sources with Sub-Polynomial Entropy

Ronen Shaltiel (Haifa University)

Wednesday, 13.07.2011, 10:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We construct an explicit disperser for affine sources over $\F_2^n$ with entropy $k=2^{\log^{0.9} n}=n^{o(1)}$. This is a polynomial time computable function $D:\F_2^n \to \set{0,1}$ such that for every affine space $V$ of $\F_2^n$ that has dimension at least $k$, $D(V)=\set{0,1}$. This improves the best previous construction of Ben-Sasson and Kopparty that achieved $k = \Omega(n^{4/5})$ and is the first pseudorandom object for affine sources with entropy less than $\sqrt{n}$.
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Theory Seminar: On the Complexity of Powering in Finite Fields

Swastik Kopparty (IAS and Rutgers)

Wednesday, 06.07.2011, 12:30

Taub 601

We study the complexity of powering in GF(2^n) by constant depth
arithmetic circuits over GF(2) (also known as AC0(parity)). Our study
encompasses basic arithmetic operations such as computing cube-roots
and cubic-residuosity of elements of GF(2^n). Our main result is that
these operations require exponential size circuits.
We also derive strong average-case versions of these results. For example,
we show that no subexponential-size, constant-depth, arithmetic circ...

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Pixel Club: Multiscale Ultrawide Foveated Video Extrapolation

Amit Aides (EE, Technion)

Wednesday, 06.07.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Video extrapolation is the task of extending a video beyond its original field
of view. Extrapolating video in a manner that is consistent with the original
video and visually pleasing is difficult. In this work we aim at very wide
video extrapolation which increases the complexity of the task. Some video
extrapolation methods simplify the task by using a rough color extrapolation. A
recent approach focuses on artifact avoidance and run time reduction using
foveated video ex...

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ceClub: Highly Efficient Synchronization Techniques

Panagiota Fatourou (Forth-ICS)

Wednesday, 06.07.2011, 11:30

Taub 3

We present highly-efficient synchronization techniques and experimentally show that these techniques outperform most state of the art lock-based and lock-free synchronization mechanisms. One of the techniques ensures, in addition, wait-freedom.
We have used these techniques to implement common concurrent data structures, like stacks and queues. Our experiments show that these data structure implementations have much better performance than state of the art shared stack...

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CGGC Seminar: An Interpolatory Subdivision Scheme for Positive Definite Matrices

Uri Itai (Applied Mathematics, Technion)

Sunday, 03.07.2011, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Symmetric positive deﬁnite matrices are widely used. Diffusion kernels, Curvature, Optimization and many more.
However, Symmetric positive deﬁnite matrices are not a group and form an open unbounded manifold. Thus, not clear how to efﬁciently interpolate such data. In this lecture we give such a subdivision interpolation scheme based on the geodes in the Rieman metric of the Symmetric positive deﬁnite matrices.
We prove convergences and smoothness and in addition spect...

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Theory Seminar: Testing Odd-Cycle-Freeness in Boolean Functions

Arnab Bhattacharyya (MIT)

Thursday, 30.06.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Call a function f : {0,1}^n -> {0,1} odd-cycle-free if there are no x_1, ..., x_k in {0,1}^n with k an odd integer such that f(x_1) = ... = f(x_k) = 1 and x_1 + ... + x_k = 0. We show that one can distinguish odd-cycle-free functions from those eps-far from being odd-cycle-free by making poly(1/eps) queries to an evaluation oracle. To obtain this result, we use connections between Fourier analysis and spectral graph theory to show that one can reduce testing odd-cycle-freeness of ...

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Experimental Classical Alice Quantum Key Distribution Protocol

Pavel Gurevich

Wednesday, 29.06.2011, 13:30

Taub 601

We present the first experimental realization of a new semi-classical quantum
key distribution (QKD) protocol called classical Alice (with mirror) and its
security analysis.
The field of quantum information and computation is relatively new and rapidly
emerging field of science, and secure key distribution is one of the most
prominent practical applications in this area. Unlike other conventional key
distribution schemes --- to which we refer as classical --- that rely on
(not f...

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Theory Seminar: High Rate Error Correcting Codes with Sublinear Time Decoding

Shubhangi Saraf (MIT and IAS)

Wednesday, 29.06.2011, 12:30

Taub 9

Locally decodable codes are error-correcting codes that admit efficient decoding
algorithms: They give a method to encode k bit messages into n bit codewords
such that even after a constant fraction of the bits of the codeword get
corrupted any bit of the original message can be recovered by only looking at
q(k) bits of the corrupted codeword. The tradeoff between the rate of a code
(i.e., the ratio k/n) and the locality/efficiency (the function q(k)) of its
decoding a...

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Coding Theory and Projective Spaces

Natalia Silberstein

Tuesday, 28.06.2011, 12:30

Taub 601

The projective space of order n over the finite field F is the set of all the subspaces of the vector space F^n. A code C in the projective space is defined as a subset of the projective space, i.e., the codewords in C are subspaces of F^n. If all the codewords in C have the same dimension, then C is called a constant dimension code. These codes gained renewed interest due to the work by Koetter and Kschischang (2008), where they presented an application of such codes to error cor...

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Pixel Club: Scalability of Visual Recognition: Fitting Computational Resources for the Task

Amnon Shashua (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Tuesday, 28.06.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Hierarchical spatial decompositions are a basic modeling tool in a variety of
application domains including scientific visualization, finite element analysis
and shape modeling and analysis. A popular class of such approaches is based on
the regular simplex bisection operator, which bisects simplices (e.g. line
segments, triangles, tetrahedra) along the midpoint of a predetermined edge.
Regular simplex bisection produces adaptive simplicial meshes of high geometric
quality, ...

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Haifux Club: GPIO, SPI, and I2C Control from Userspace, the True Linux Way

Baruch Siach (TK Open Systems)

Monday, 27.06.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

General Purpose Input/Output (GPIO), Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI), and Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C), are common methods for digital communication between electronic components. The Linux kernel, being a popular choice for embedded solutions, provides a general abstraction layer for each of those communication methods. Modern Linux kernels also include drivers for many hardware modules implementing GPIO, SPI, or I2C. The abstraction layers provide a generic way to communicat...

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Pixel Club: Diamond-based Models for ScientificVisualization

Kenneth Weiss (Computer Science, University of Maryland)

Monday, 27.06.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

will describe some recent work towards scaling the process of visual
recognition to handle thousands of objects classes on a limited computational
budget. Formally, the system is designed such that the computational resources
grow sub-linearly (poly-logarithmic) with the number of classes. This also
implies that features used for recognition should be shared by several
classes.
Work done jointly with Shai Shalev-Schwartz and Yonatan Wexler...

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CGGC Seminar: Efficient Algorithms for Freeform Geometric Models

Myung-Soo Kim (School of Computer Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea)

Sunday, 26.06.2011, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We present a new approach to the development of efficient geometric algorithms
for freeform curves and surfaces. Preprocessing the given curves and surfaces
and representing them in a hierarchical data structure, we show that a variety of
geometric algorithms can be greatly accelerated. We demonstrate the effectiveness
of this approach by developing real-time algorithms for collision detection, minimum
and Hausdorff distance computation, convex hull computation for freefo...

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PRIME - Programming with Millions of Examples

Alon Mishne

Wednesday, 22.06.2011, 15:30

Taub 601

We present the PRIME tool which utilizes static specification mining techniques to extract useful specifications of library APIs from a large number of code fragments that use it, and then uses data mining techniques to aggregate the samples into use-cases and sort them according to popularity and complexity.
Programming is becoming more and more about using frameworks and libraries, with most of them designed to support a wide range of usage scenarios. Typically, a programmer ...

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Theory Seminar: Almost Settling the Hardness of Noncommutative Determinant

Prahladh Harsha (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research,Mumbai, India)

Wednesday, 22.06.2011, 13:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The determinant and the permanent of a matrix, though deceivingly similar in their definitions, behave very differently with respect to how efficiently one can compute these quantities. The determinant of a matrix over a field can be easily computed via Gaussian elimination while computing the permanent, as shown by Valiant, is at least as hard as counting the number of satisfiable assignments to a Boolean formula. Given this, it is natural to ask "over which algebras, is the de...

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ceClub: Network Science - A Network of Sciences

Ariel Orda (EE Technion)

Wednesday, 22.06.2011, 11:30

Meyer 861

Network Science is a newly emerging discipline with applications in a variety of domains, such as Communication Networks, Power Grid Networks, Transportation Networks, Social Networks and Biological Networks. Focusing on communication networks, we shall discuss what network science should be and what it should consist of. The talk will also feature some historical anecdotes, tracing back to ancient times. Further details would be a spoiler.
...

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Information Rates for Channels with Synchronization Errors

Paul H. Siegel

Tuesday, 21.06.2011, 14:30

Taub 6

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Pixel Club: Semi-Supervised Learning in Gigantic Image Collection

Yair Weiss (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Tuesday, 21.06.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

With the advent of the Internet it is now possible to collect hundreds
of millions of images for computer vision. These images come with
varying degrees of label information. "Clean" labels can be manually
obtained on a small fraction, "noisy labels" may be extracted
automatically from surrounding text, while for most images there are
no labels at all. Semi-supervised learning is a principled framework
for combining these different label sources. However, it scales
polynomi...

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Efficient and Explicit Coding for Interactive Communication

Amit Sahai

Sunday, 19.06.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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CGGC Seminar: Geometry-driven Image Manipulation

Liang Liu (Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China)

Thursday, 16.06.2011, 10:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The talk will include two parts. In the first part, I will present an overview of my research
in geometry processing, including mesh parameterization, surface reconstruction, shape analysis
and segmentation. In the second part, I will describe my recent work on geometry-driven image
manipulation, including mesh-warping based image retargeting, photo composition optimization
and parametric human reshaping.
...

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Pixel Club: Geometry-driven Image Manipulation

Ligang Liu ( Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China)

Thursday, 16.06.2011, 10:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The talk will include two parts. In the first part, I will present an overview of my research in geometry processing, including mesh
parameterization, surface reconstruction, shape analysis and segmentation. In the second part,
I will describe my recent work on geometry-driven image
manipulation, including mesh-warping based image retargeting, photo
composition optimization and parametric human reshaping.
...

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Coding Techniques for Burst Errors

Tom Kolan

Wednesday, 15.06.2011, 16:00

in Taub 601

List decoding of error-correcting codes is a generalization of unique
decoding: while unique decoding relates to the case where the decoder
outputs only one word (the correct codeword), list decoding allows to
output a list of codewords, as long as the correct codeword is included in
the list. Codes for burst error correction have been studied mainly for the
purpose of unique decoding. Understanding list decoding of burst errors is
desirable for reliable delivery of data over vari...

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Smaller Footprint for Java Collections

Yuval Shimron

Wednesday, 15.06.2011, 14:00

Taub 601

In dealing with the container bloat problem, we identify five memory compaction techniques,
which can be used to reduce the footprint of the small objects that make these containers.
Using these techniques, we describe two alternative methods for more efficient encoding of
the JRE's ubiquitous HashMap data structure, and present a mathematical model in which the
footprint of this can be analyzed.
First of this is our fused-hashing encoding method, which reduces memory overhead b...

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Bioinformatics Forum: Molecular Recognition in Presence of Competition and Noise

Yonathan Savir (Physics of Complex Systems, Weizmann Institute)

Wednesday, 15.06.2011, 13:30

Taub 701

Molecular recognition plays a key role in processing information in
biological systems which rely on the ability of bio-molecules to
specifically recognize each other. However, the crowded biological
environment contains a vast variety of molecules that are often structurally
similar and may compete with the "right" target. Thus, the recognition
process is prone to false binding, which introduces errors and may impair
the proper information flow and must be taken into accoun...

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Theory Seminar: Leakage-Resilient Zero-Knowledge

Sanjam Garg, (UCLA)

Wednesday, 15.06.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We initiate a study of zero knowledge proof systems in the presence of side-channel attacks. Specifically, we consider a setting where a cheating verifier is allowed to obtain arbitrary bounded leakage on the entire state (including the witness and the random coins) of the prover during the entire protocol execution. We formalize a meaningful definition of leakage-resilient zero knowledge (LR-ZK) proof system, that intuitively guarantees that the protocol does not yield anything b...

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ceClub: Estimating Sizes of Social Networks via Biased Sampling

Liran Katzir (Yahoo! Israel Labs)

Wednesday, 15.06.2011, 11:30

Meyer 861

Online social networks have become very popular in recent years and their number of users is already measured in many hundreds of millions. For various commercial and sociological purposes, an independent estimate of their sizes is important. In this work, algorithms for estimating the number of users in such networks are considered. The proposed schemes are also applicable for estimating the sizes of networks' sub-populations.
The suggested algorithms interact with the...

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The Price for Perfect Secrecy

Stefan Wolf

Tuesday, 14.06.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

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Haifux Club: The Anatomy of a PCI/PCI Express Kernel Driver

Eli Billauer

Monday, 13.06.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

General Purpose Input/Output (GPIO), Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI), and Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C), are common methods for digital communication between electronic components. The Linux kernel, being a popular choice for embedded solutions, provides a general abstraction layer for each of those communication methods. Modern Linux kernels also include drivers for many hardware modules implementing GPIO, SPI, or I2C. The abstraction layers provide a generic way to communicat...

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Towards lower bounds on locally testable codes

Michael Viderman

Thursday, 02.06.2011, 14:30

Taub 601

A Probabilistically Checkable Proof (PCP) is a proof that allows
checking the validity of a statement by reading only a constant number
of symbols of the proof. The PCP theorem (AS98, ALMSS98) asserts the
existence of PCPs of polynomial length for any claim that can be stated
as membership in an NP set.
Surprisingly, all know constructions of PCPs use Locally Testable Codes
(LTCs) as their combinatorial core. An LTC is an error-correcting code
that has a randomized test...

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Towards lower bounds on locally testable codes

Michael Viderman

Thursday, 02.06.2011, 14:30

Taub 601

A Probabilistically Checkable Proof (PCP) is a proof that allows
checking the validity of a statement by reading only a constant number
of symbols of the proof. The PCP theorem (AS98, ALMSS98) asserts the
existence of PCPs of polynomial length for any claim that can be stated
as membership in an NP set.
Surprisingly, all know constructions of PCPs use Locally Testable Codes
(LTCs) as their combinatorial core. An LTC is an error-correcting code
that has a randomized test...

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Towards lower bounds on locally testable codes

Michael Viderman

Thursday, 02.06.2011, 14:30

Taub 601

A Probabilistically Checkable Proof (PCP) is a proof that allows
checking the validity of a statement by reading only a constant number
of symbols of the proof. The PCP theorem (AS98, ALMSS98) asserts the
existence of PCPs of polynomial length for any claim that can be stated
as membership in an NP set.
Surprisingly, all know constructions of PCPs use Locally Testable Codes
(LTCs) as their combinatorial core. An LTC is an error-correcting code
that has a randomized test...

[ Full version ]

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Towards lower bounds on locally testable codes

Michael Viderman

Thursday, 02.06.2011, 14:30

Taub 601

[ Full version ]

Towards lower bounds on locally testable codes

Michael Viderman

Thursday, 02.06.2011, 14:30

Taub 601

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Reconstructing Graphs Using Edge Counting Queries

Hanna Mazzawi

Wednesday, 01.06.2011, 13:30

Taub 601

In this thesis we study
three well known combinatorial search problems in various settings:
The coin weighing problem, the problem of reconstructing graphs
using additive queries and the problem of reconstructing hypergraphs
using additive queries.
All of the three combinatorial search problems share a common
structure. In each problem we have a set of objects called a
\emph{universe} or an \emph{instance space}. From the instance space
a unique object is selected, we call it the...

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Theory Seminar: Directed Spanners via Flow-Based Linear Programs

Michael Dinitz (Weizmann Institute)

Wednesday, 01.06.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

A k-spanner of a given graph is a subgraph that preserves all
distances within factor k. This notion is useful in several contexts,
from distributed computing to property testing. By examining spanners
through flow-based linear programming relaxations, we design an
O(n^{2/3})-approximation algorithm for the directed k-spanner problem
that works for all k. This is the first sublinear approximation for
arbitrary edge-lengths. We also design a different rounding scheme
with a ...

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[ Full version ]

Escher For Real: on the synergy between science and art

Gershon Elber

Tuesday, 31.05.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Haifux Club: How to Spread Knowledge Throughout the World While Wearing Only Your Slippers (or Wikmedia, Wikipedia and free content projects)

Tomer Ashur

Monday, 30.05.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

Since its first emergence in 2001, Wikipedia had grown drastically to become the fifth most viewed website over the Internet in 2012. With over 12,000,000 articles in more than 250 languages this is now the largest source of information ever existed. The Wikimedia foundation has been founded in 2003 as a non-profit organization to support Wikipedia as well as other online and offline free content projects.
In this talk I will present Wikipedia and other projects of the...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Explicit Dimension Reduction and its Applications

Zohar Karnin

Wednesday, 25.05.2011, 14:30

Taub 601

We construct a small set of explicit linear transformations mapping R^n to R^t,
where t=O(log(\gamma^{-1}) \epsilon^{-2}), such that the L_2 norm of any vector
in R^n is distorted by at most 1 \pm \epsilon in at least a fraction of
1-\gamma of the transformations in the set. Albeit the tradeoff between the size
of the set and the success probability is sub-optimal compated with probablistic
arguments, we nevertheless are able to apply our construction to a number of problems....

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Preserving Correctness Under Relaxed Memory Models

Michael Kuperstein

Wednesday, 25.05.2011, 12:30

Taub 601

We present an approach for automatic verification of concurrent programs
running under relaxed memory models. Verification under relaxed memory models
is a hard problem. Given a finite state program and a safety specification,
verifying that the program satisfies the specification under a sufficiently
relaxed memory model is undecidable. For somewhat stronger memory models, the
problem is decidable but has non-primitive recursive complexity.
We use abstract interpretation to provi...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Theory Seminar: Linear Index Coding via Semidefinite Programming

Eden Chlamtac (Tel-Aviv University)

Wednesday, 25.05.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

In the index coding problem, introduced by Birk and Kol (INFOCOM, 1998), the goal is to transmit n bits to n receivers (one bit to
each), where the receivers reside at the nodes of a graph G and have prior access to the bits corresponding to their neighbors in the graph (side information). The objective is to find a code word of minimum length which will allow each receiver to learn their own bit given access to the code word and their side information. When the encoding is linea...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

ceClub: Orleans: A Programming Model for the Cloud

Gabriel Kliot (MS Research)

Wednesday, 25.05.2011, 11:30

Taub 3

What if you could build the next Facebook or Twitter with just a few hundred lines of code ? and scale it to hundreds of millions of users across thousands of servers, right out of the box? Orleans is a cloud programming model and runtime from Microsoft Research, which can make this the new "norm".
Orleans is a software framework for building 'client + cloud' applications. It encourages the use of simple concurrency patterns that are easy to understand and implement co...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Pixel Club: Diffusion Framework for Geometric and Photometric Data Fusion in Non-rigid Shape Analysis

Artiom Kovnatsky (Applied Mathematics, Technion)

Tuesday, 24.05.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

In this work, we explore the use of the diffusion geometry
framework for the fusion of geometric and photometric information in
local and global shape descriptors. Our construction is based on the def-
inition of a di ffusion process on the shape manifold embedded into a
high-dimensional space where the embedding coordinates represent the
photometric information. Experimental results show that such data fu-
sion is useful in coping with di fferent challenges of shape analysis wher...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Pixel Club: Clustering and Approximating High-Dimensional Streaming Data using Coresets

Dan Feldman (Callifornia Institute of Technology)

Sunday, 22.05.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Data analysis of massive data sets is common today for web-search (e.g. Google), social networking (e.g. Facebook), financial
applications, supermarkets, bioinformatics and many other fields.
A coreset (or, core-set) for a given problem is a "compressed"
representation of its input, in the sense that a solution for the
problem with the (small) coreset as input would yield an approximate solution to the problem with the original (large) input.
Using traditional techn...

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Confidence Estimation in Structured Prediction

Avihai Mejer

Wednesday, 18.05.2011, 12:30

Taub 601

Structured classification tasks such as sequence labeling and dependency
parsing have seen much interest by the Natural Language Processing and
the machine learning communities. Several online learning algorithms were
adapted for structured tasks such as Perceptron, Passive-Aggressive and
the recently introduced Confidence-Weighted learning . These online algorithms
are easy to implement, fast to train and yield state-of-the-art performance.
However, unlike probabilist...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Theory Seminar: Hadamard Product of Polynomials and the Identity Testing Problem

Pushkar Joglekar (Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai, India)

Wednesday, 18.05.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Motivated by the Hadamard product of matrices we define the Hadamard product of noncommutative multivariate polynomials and study its arithmetic circuit and branching program complexity. We also give applications and connections to polynomial identity testing.
One of our main results is a tight characterization of polynomial identity testing for noncommutative algebraic branching programs over the field of rationals(we show the problem is complete for logspace coun...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

ceClub: How Secure are Secure Internet Routing Protocols?

Sharon Goldberg (Computer Science Department at Boston University)

Wednesday, 18.05.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

A decade of research has been devoted to addressing vulnerabilities in global Internet routing system. The result is a plethora of security proposals, each providing a different set of security guarantees. To inform decisions about which proposal should be deployed in the Internet, we present the first side-by-side quantitative comparison of the major security variants. We evaluate security variants on the basis of their ability to prevent one of the most fundamental forms of atta...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Pixel Club: Unsupervised Supervised Learning: Who Needs Labels Anyway?

Guy Lebanon (Georgia Institute of Technology)

Wednesday, 18.05.2011, 10:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

I will describe two recent results in unsupervised supervised learning (performing supervised learning tasks without labels). The first result concerns evaluating the
accuracy of classifiers and regression models without labels. The second concerns training
margin based classifiers such as SVM or logistic regression for high dimensional data without labels.
...

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Maximizing Submodular Set Functions Subject to Multiple Linear Constraints

Hadas Shachnai

Tuesday, 17.05.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Pixel Club: Diffusion-geometric Maximally Stable Component Detection in Deformable Shapes

Roee Litman (Tel Aviv University)

Tuesday, 17.05.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Maximally stable component detection is a very popular method for feature analysis in images, mainly due to its low computation cost and high repeatability.
With the recent advance of feature-based methods in geometric shape analysis, there is significant interest in finding analogous approaches in the 3D world.
In this paper, we formulate a diffusion-geometric framework for stable component detection in non-rigid 3D shapes, which can be used for geometric feature dete...

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A Unified Formal Approach To Garbage Collection

Prof. Peter Pepper SPECIAL GUEST LECTURE

Thursday, 12.05.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

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Theory Seminar: Using Random Restrictions for Algorithmic Analysis

Rahul Santhanam (Edinburgh University)

Wednesday, 11.05.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Random restrictions are commonly used for proving complexity lower bounds,
eg. lower bounds
on constant-depth circuits (Ajtai, Furst-Saxe-Sipser, Yao,
Hastad) and lower bounds on formula
size (Subbotovskaya, Impagliazzo-Nisan,
Paterson-Zwick,
Hastad).
I will show how to use results on random restrictions to bound the running
time of
certain algorithms for Satisfiability which beat brute-force search.
Specifically I will present an
algorithm which runs in time 2^{n -
\Om...

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Functional genomics-based approach for reconstructing metabolic network models

Edward Vitkin

Wednesday, 11.05.2011, 12:30

Taub 601

Reconstruction of genome-scale metabolic networks is considered as key step in
quantifying the genotype-phenotype relationship. A major computational challenge
involved in the reconstruction process is the identification of missing reactions
in a metabolic network a process commonly referred to as gap-filling.
Here, we present a novel gap-filling approach, MetabolIc Reconstruction via functionAl
GEnomics (MIRAGE) that searches for missing reactions required to catalyze metaboli...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

ceClub: A Shape Analysis for Optimizing Parallel Graph Programs

Roman Manevich (UT Austin)

Wednesday, 11.05.2011, 11:30

Taub 3

In the first part of the talk I will give a high-level introduction to Galois, a framework for designing and implementing parallel graph algorithms and related concepts. I will explain what are ordered/unordered graph algorithms and how optimistic parallelism is achieved using transactional boosting.
In the second part of the talk I will describe a new shape analysis, which is used for analyzing graph algorithms written with Galois. The shape analysis infers properties...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

ceClub: How to win Friends and Influence People, Truthfully

Yaron Singer (CS, UC Berkeley)

Thursday, 05.05.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Throughout the past decade there has been extensive research on algorithmic
and data mining techniques for solving the problem of influence maximization
in social networks: if one can convince a subset of individuals to influence
their friends to adopt a new product or technology, which subset should be
selected so that the spread of influence in the social network is maximized?
Despite the progress in modeling and techniques, the incomplete information
aspect of p...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

How to win Friends and Influence People, Truthfully

Yaron Singer SPECIAL GUEST LECTURE

Thursday, 05.05.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Black-Box Identity Testing of Depth-4 Multilinear Circuits

Ilya Volkovich

Wednesday, 04.05.2011, 12:30

Taub 337

A central problem in algebraic complexity theory and algorithms design is the problem of
Polynomial Identity Testing (PIT): given an arithmetic circuit $C$ over a field $\F$, with input variables $x_1, x_2, ... , x_n$, determine whether $C$ computes the identically zero polynomial. Numerous applications and connections to other algorithmic and number theoretic problems further emphasize the significance of PIT. Among the examples are algorithms for finding perfect matchings in gr...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Theory Seminar: Black-Box Identity Testing of Depth-4 Multilinear Circuits

Ilya Volkovich (CS Technion)

Wednesday, 04.05.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

A central problem in algebraic complexity theory and algorithms design is the problem of
Polynomial Identity Testing (PIT): given an arithmetic circuit $C$ over a field $\F$, with input variables $x_1, x_2, ... , x_n$, determine whether $C$ computes the identically zero polynomial. Numerous applications and connections to other algorithmic and number theoretic problems further emphasize the significance of PIT. Among the examples are algorithms for finding perfect matchings in g...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

ceClub: Search Flavors - Trends and Opportunities

Yossi Matias (Head, Israel R&D Center, Google)

Wednesday, 04.05.2011, 12:30

Meyer 1003

This talk will discuss some recent developments in search, emerging in various shapes and forms. We will highlight some challenges, and point to some search trends that play an increasing role in multiple domains. We will also discuss the power of data and the significant role of cloud technologies in facilitation of new opportunities. Some of the core technologies and global innovations developed in Google's R&D center in Israel will be highlighted.
...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

The Minimum Weight Cycle Problem

Pixel Club: Correspondence-less Approach to Matching of Deformable Shapes

Jonathan Pokrass (Tel Aviv University)

Tuesday, 03.05.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Finding a match between partially available deformable shapes is a
challenging problem with numerous applications. The problem is usually
approached by computing local descriptors on a pair of shapes and then
establishing a point-wise correspondence between the two. We introduce an
alternative correspondence-less approach to matching fragments to an
entire shape undergoing a non-rigid deformation. We use diffusion
geometric descriptors and optimize over the integration domai...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Haifux Club: vIOMMU: Efficient IOMMU Emulation

Nadav Amit (CS, Technion)

Monday, 02.05.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

Direct device assignment, where a guest virtual machine directlyinteracts with an I/O device without host intervention, is appealing,because it allows an unmodified (non-hypervisor-aware) guest toachieve near-native performance. But device assignment for unmodifiedguests suffers from two serious deficiencies: (1) it requires pinningof all the guest's pages, thereby disallowing memory overcommitment,and (2) it exposes the guest's memory to buggy device drivers.
We solve...

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[ Full version ]

Context-Sensitive Query Auto-Completion

Naama Kraus

Sunday, 01.05.2011, 13:30

Taub 601

Query auto completion is known to provide poor predictions
of the user's query when her input prefix is very short (e.g.,
one or two characters). In this work we show that context,
such as the user's recent queries, can be used to improve
the prediction quality considerably even for such short prefixes.
We propose a context-sensitive query auto completion
algorithm, NearestCompletion, which outputs the completions
of the user's input that are most similar to the context
queries. T...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Theory Seminar: Protocols for Multiparty Coin Toss With Dishonest Majority

Ilan Orlov (Bar-Ilan University)

Wednesday, 27.04.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Generating random bits is a fundamental problem in cryptography. Coin-tossing protocols, which generate a random bit with uniform distribution, are used as a building box in many cryptographic protocols. Cleve [STOC 1986] has shown that if at least half of the parties can be malicious, then, in any $r$-round coin-tossing protocol, the malicious parties can cause a bias of $\Omega(1/r)$ in the bit that the honest parties output. However, for more than two decades the best known pro...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

ceClub: Side channels in Cloud Services: The Case of Deduplication in Cloud Storage

Benny Pinkas (CS, Bar-Ilan University)

Wednesday, 27.04.2011, 11:30

Taub 3

The talk will discuss deduplication, a form of compression in which duplicate copies of files are replaced by links to a single copy. Deduplication is known to reduce the space and bandwidth requirements of Cloud storage services by more than 90%, and is most effective when applied across multiple users.
We study the privacy implications of cross-user deduplication. We demonstrate how deduplication can be used as a side channel which reveals information about the conte...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Ramsey-type theorems for metric spaces

Manor Mendel

Tuesday, 26.04.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

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Online Universal Facility Location

Israel Shalom

Wednesday, 13.04.2011, 14:00

Taub 601

Facility location problems concern assigning requests to servers. The goal is to minimize the total cost which consists of the moving costs and the latency costs. The moving costs depend on the distances between matcheded request/server pairs, while the latency costs depend on the number of requests matched to each server. Facility location problems arise in many natural settings of resource sharing, such as server assignment in cloud computing, network routing and more. Universal...

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Bioinformatics Forum: Splicing the Wires: Finding Connections between Biological Networks and the Core **Spliceosome**

Martin Akerman (Adrian Krainer Lab / Michael Zhang Lab, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory)

Wednesday, 13.04.2011, 13:30

Taub 701

The major spliceosome is a multi-component and highly dynamic complex
that carries out the tightly regulated steps of splicing. It is composed of
hundreds of proteins, including five small nuclear ribonucleoprotein complexes
(snRNPs) that catalyze>99% of all pre-mRNA splicing events. In addition, there
are alternative splicing regulators, such as the SR and hnRNP proteins, that
either activate or repress a subset of the splicing events. Members of these
protein families are ...

[ Full version ]

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ceClub: Abstraction-Guided Synthesis of Synchronization

Eran Yahav (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 13.04.2011, 11:30

Taub 3

In this talk I will present a framework for synthesizing efficient synchronization in concurrent programs, a task known to be difficult and error-prone when done manually. The framework is based on abstract interpretation and can infer synchronization for infinite state programs. Given a program, a specification, and an abstraction, we infer synchronization that avoids all (abstract) interleavings that may violate the specification, but permits as many valid interleavings as possi...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Haifux Club: How to Spread Knowledge Throughout the World Wikipedia While Wearing Only Your Slippers
(or Wikmedia, and free content projects)

Tomer Ashur

Monday, 11.04.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

Since its first emergence in 2001, Wikipedia had grown drastically to become the fifth most viewed website over the Internet in 2012. With over 12,000,000 articles in more than 250 languages this is now the largest source of information ever existed. The Wikimedia foundation has been founded in 2003 as a non-profit organization to support Wikipedia as well as other online and offline free content projects.
In this talk I will present Wikipedia and other projects of the...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Theory Seminar: Approximate Judgement Aggregation

Ilan Nehama (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Sunday, 10.04.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

In this work we analyze judgement aggregation problems in which a group of agents independently votes on a set of complex propositions that has some interdependency constraint between them (e.g., transitivity when describing preferences). We generalize the previous results by studying approximate judgement aggregation. We relax the main two constraints assumed in the current literature, Consistency and Independence and consider mechanisms that only approximately satisfy these cons...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Pixel Club: Decoding Neural Patterns for Brain-Computer Interfaces

Ariel Tankus (Biomedical Engineering, Technion)

Sunday, 10.04.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) are devices that can decode physiological signals from the brain and convert them into actions in a manner that reflects the brain’s intention. Their goal is to replace or restore lost function in paralyzed humans by routing movement-related signals from the brain, around damaged parts of the nervous system, to external effectors. My research is aimed at developing a new generation of brain-computer interfaces at the single cell level with hu...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Near-Optimal Private Approximation Protocols via a Black Box Transformation

David Woodruff SPECIAL GUEST TALK note unusual hour

Thursday, 07.04.2011, 15:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

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On the Minimal Fourier Degree of Symmetric Boolean Functions

Avishay Tal

Wednesday, 06.04.2011, 14:30

Taub 601

It is well-known that any Boolean function f:{-1,+1}^n \to {-1,+1} can be written uniquely as a polynomial f(x) = \sum_{S subset [n]} f_s \prod_{i in S} x_i. The collection of coefficients (f_S's) this expression are referred to (with good reason) as the Fourier spectrum of f. The Fourier spectrum has played a central role in modern computer science by converting combinatorial and algorithmic questions about f into algebraic or analytic questions about the spectrum.
In this tal...

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[ Full version ]

Improved genome-scale metabolic modeling utilizing enzyme kinetic parameters

Roi Adadi

Wednesday, 06.04.2011, 13:00

Taub 601

Genome-scale metabolic models enable to successfully predict a variety of metabolic phenotype in microorganisms. Still, the integration of metabolic networks with various 'omics' data towards the prediction of metabolic flux remains an open challenge. Here, we show that enzyme kinetic parameters are significantly correlated with measured fluxes in E. coli under various conditions, providing a higher correlation than that achieved by measured gene expression data. Based on the latt...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Theory Seminar: Min-Max Graph Partitioning and Small Set Expansion

Roy Schwartz (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 06.04.2011, 12:30

Taub 401 (Note unusual room)

We study graph partitioning problems from a min-max perspective,
in which an input graph on $n$ vertices should be partitioned into $k$ parts,
and the objective is to minimize the maximum number of edges leaving a single
part. The two main versions we consider are where the $k$ parts need to be
of equal-size, and where they must separate a set of $k$ given terminals.
We consider a common generalization of these two problems, and design for it
an $O(\sqrt{\log n}\log^{3/2} k)...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

ceClub: Fat-Trees Routing and Node Ordering Providing Contention Free Traffic for MPI Global Collectives

Eitan Zahavi (Mellanox Technologies)

Wednesday, 06.04.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

As the size of High Performance Computing clusters grows, the increasing probability of interconnect hot spots degrades the latency and effective bandwidth the network provides. This paper presents a solution to this scalability problem for real life constant bisectional-bandwidth fat-tree topologies. It is shown that maximal bandwidth and cut-through latency can be achieved for MPI global collective traffic. To form such congestion-free configuration, MPI programs should utilize ...

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Subexponential lower bounds for randomized pivoting rules for the simplex algorithm

Uri Zwick

Tuesday, 05.04.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

[ Full version ]

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Pixel Club: Pattern Matching under Non Linear Tone-Mapping

Yacov Hel-Or (CS, The Interdisciplinary Center)

Tuesday, 05.04.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

A fast pattern matching scheme termed Matching by Tone Mapping (MTM) is
introduced which allows matching under non-linear tone mappings. We
exploit the recently introduced Slice Transform to implement a fast
computational scheme requiring computational time similar to the fast
implementation of Normalized Cross Correlation (NCC). In fact, the MTM
measure can be viewed as a generalization of the NCC for non-linear
mappings and actually reduces to NCC when mappings are restric...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Theory Seminar: On the Rank of Design Matrices with Applications

Amir Yehudaioff (Mathematics, Technion)

Wednesday, 30.03.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

A design matrix is a matrix whose attern of zeos/nonzeros satisfies a certain design-like condition. We will first prove that the rank of any design matrix is high.
We shall discuss two applications of this rank lower bound: (1)
Impossibility results for 2-query locally correctable codes over
real/complex numbers, and (2) generalization of results in combinatorial
geometry, for example, a robust analog of the Sylvester-Gallai theorem.
Joint work with Boaz ...

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[ Full version ]

ceClub: IBM Watson and the Jeopardy! Challenge

David Carmel and Dafna Sheinwald (IBM Research, Haifa)

Wednesday, 30.03.2011, 11:30

Taub 3

Over the last days, millions of viewers witnessed computing history being made as IBM's Watson question answering system defeated Jeopardy! quiz show champions Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings. Watson is an application of advanced natural language processing, information retrieval, knowledge representation and reasoning, and machine learning technologies to the field of open domain question answering. Watson runs on a cluster of 90 IBM Power 750 servers in 10 racks with a total of 288...

[ Full version ]

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Pixel Club: Unmixing of Images Mixed by Position Varying Media

Albert Achtenberg (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 29.03.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

We address the open problem of blindly separating single-path position
varying image mixtures, without having prior information about the
sources. We assume that the mixing system's spatial distortion and
attenuation change with position. A staged method for estimating the
mixing models is used in turn to recover source signals from such
mixtures. Our method is based on a Staged Sprase Component Analysis
(SSCA) of the mixtures. Our method consists of three stages: aligning
...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Haifux Club: The Story of Alice and Bob - the I/O Requests (Part II)

Guy Keren

Monday, 28.03.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

In this story, we'll follow the life story of alice - a file-systemized I/O request, and bob - a raw-device I/O request, from their birth, until they reach heaven (the disk or the USB camera or...). In addition, we will cover some system parameters that affect I/O requests, the buffer cache, disk I/O schedulers and tools used to track and count I/O (including - why is process-based I/O accounting so tricky).
...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

CGGC Seminar: Barycentric Interpolation and Mappings on Smooth Convex Domains

Michael Floater (University of Oslo, Norway)

Thursday, 24.03.2011, 10:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

In a recent paper, Warren, Schaefer, Hirani, and Desbrun proposed a simple method of interpolating
a function defined on the boundary of a smooth convex domain, using an integral kernel with properties similar to those of
barycentric coordinates on simplexes.
When applied to vector-valued data, the interpolation can map one convex region into another,
with various potential applications in computer graphics, such as curve and image deformation.
In this pape...

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[ Full version ]

Theory Seminar: Oblivious RAM without Random Oracles

Sigurd Torkel Meldgaard (University of Aarhus, Denemark)

Wednesday, 23.03.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We present an algorithm for implementing a secure oblivious RAM where the access pattern is perfectly hidden in the information theoretic sense, without assuming that the CPU has access to a random oracle. In addition we prove a lower bound on the amount of randomness needed for implementing an information theoretically secure oblivious RAM.
Authors: Ivan Damgård, Sigurd Meldgaard, Jesper Buus Nielsen
...

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Formulae and Growth Rates of High-Dimensional Polycubes

Gill Barequet

Tuesday, 22.03.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

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Pixel Club: Filling in the Gaps the Mind's Way: Curve Completion in the Tangent Bundle

Ohad Ben-Shahar (Computer Science, Ben Gurion University)

Tuesday, 22.03.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The phenomenon of visual curve completion, where the
visual system completes the missing part (e.g., due to occlusion)
between two contour fragments, is a major problem in
perceptual organization research. Previous computational
approaches for the shape of the completed curve typically
follow formal descriptions of desired, image-based perceptual
properties (e.g, minimum total curvature, roundedness,
etc...). Unfortunately, however, it is difficult to determine
such desire...

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[ Full version ]

Unusual Dynamics in Multiphase Flows : (I) Charged Drops, (II) A Variant on Viscous Fingering, and (III) Shear-Enhanced Diffusion

Prof. Howard A. Stone DISTINGUISHED POLLAK LECTURE

Thursday, 17.03.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

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Theory Seminar: Submodular Secretary Problems

Moran Feldman (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 16.03.2011, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The Classical Secretary Problem was introduced during the 60's of the 20-th century (nobody is sure exactly when). Since its introduction, many variants of the problem have been proposed and researched. In the classical secretary problem, and many of its variant, the input (which is a set of secretaries, or elements) arrives in a random order. We applied to the secretary problem a simple observation which states that the random order of the input can be generated by independently ...

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Causality, Knowledge and Coordination in Distributed Systems

Ido Ben-Zvi

Wednesday, 16.03.2011, 11:30

Meyer 861 (Electrical Engineering building)

Coordinating the proper ordering of events across remote sites is a central task
of distributed applications. In asynchronous systems, such coordination depends
in an essential way upon message chains, as captured by Lamport's
happened-before relation. The relation provides a useful approximation of
causality, in the sense that in asynchronous systems two event can only be
causally related if they are Lamport related.
The talk will consider coordination and causality in s...

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Bacteria, Biofilms and Fluid Dynamics: Elementary Flows and Unexpected Phenomena

Prof. Howard A. Stone DISTINGUISHED POLLAK LECTURE

Tuesday, 15.03.2011, 16:00

Room 641 Lady Davis Bld.

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The Graver Complexity of Integer Programming

Shmuel Onn

Tuesday, 15.03.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

Haifux Club: The Story of Alice and Bob - the I/O Requests (Part I)

Guy Keren

Monday, 14.03.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

In this story, we'll follow the life story of alice - a file-systemized I/O request, and bob - a raw-device I/O request, from their birth, until they reach heaven (the disk or the USB camera or...). In addition, we will cover some system parameters that affect I/O requests, the buffer cache, disk I/O schedulers and tools used to track and count I/O (including - why is process-based I/O accounting so tricky).
...

[ Full version ]

[ Full version ]

CSpecial Talk: Scalable Overlay Design for Topic-Based Publish/Subscribe Systems and
Fast Overlay Construction Algorithms

Prof. Roman Vitenberg (Department of Informatics, University of Oslo)

Monday, 14.03.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Pub-sub is a paradigm for asynchronous communication that is commonly
used in a great variety of industrial applications, such as news
tickers, delivery of financial data, Military applications, and many
others. While client-server communication still remains the
prevailing implementation paradigm for pub-sub, its limitations for
large-scale applications are widely recognized. Major industrial
players such as Google and Tibco are recognizing the potential of
cooperative ov...

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Theory Seminar: How Much Commutativity is Needed to Prove Polynomial Identities?

Pavel Hrubes (Institute of Advanced Studies, Princeton)

Wednesday, 09.03.2011, 12:30

Taub 701

The so called Extended Frege system is one of the most natural propositional proof systems. Whereas we believe that there exist tautologies which require exponential Extended Frege proofs, the best known lower bound is linear. To find even a modestly superlinear lower bound is a challenging open problem. I will discuss a possible approach to this question, which is based on counting the number of commutativity axioms in an Extended Frege proof, which in turn can be phrased as an a...

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ceClub: Portability and Performance of Applications in the Manycore Era

Erven Rohou (INRIA Rennes, ALF Research Group)

Wednesday, 09.03.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

For many years, the frequency of microprocessors has grown at an exponential pace (from 20 MHz in 1990 to 2 GHz in 2000). Since 2002 however, despite considerable effort, the frequency has been plateauing. Advances in technology and micro-architecture now translate into more parallelism. The consequences on the software industry are dramatic: most existing software has been designed with a sequential model in mind, and even parallel applications contain residual sequential section...

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The Curious Story of Quantum Logic

Hilary W. Putnam

Tuesday, 08.03.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Pixel Club: Nonlocal Variational Methods for Image Processing

Guy Gilboa (Mathematics, UCLA)

Tuesday, 08.03.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Variational and PDE-based methods have been extensively used for vision and image-processing tasks such as denoising, segmentation, inpainting, optical flow and more. An underlying assumption is the (piecewise) local correlation between pixels in typical images.
Images also exhibit nonlocal correlations in repetitive structures and textures. A coherent mathematical framework for nonlocal regularization will be presented in this talk, which stems from graph theory. The notions of ...

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Short-term turning points forecasting in financial time series

Alexandra Faynburd

Wednesday, 02.03.2011, 13:30

Taub 601

We consider the problem of forecasting turning points in time series and develop an autoregressive prediction algorithm,
that relies on a novel turning point indicator and support vector regression.
The algorithm is analyzed and compared to existing methods in the context of financial forecasting....

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Theory Seminar: Improved Minimum Cuts and Maximum Flows in Undirected Planar Graphs

Yahav Nussbaum (Tel-Aviv University)

Wednesday, 02.03.2011, 12:30

Taub 701

The problem of finding the minimum s-t cut between a source s and a sink t in a graph is a well-studied problem in computer science. Finding the minimum s-t cut in a planar graph has applications in many fields - from traffic design to computer vision.
The geometrical duality between a minimum s-t cut in an undirected planar graph and cycle on the plane that separates t from s was first used by Itai and Shiloach to solve the minimum cut problem, and more efficient algo...

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ceClub: IBM's PowerEN Developer Cloud: Fertile Ground for Academic Research

Amit Golander (IBM Research)

Wednesday, 02.03.2011, 11:30

Taub 201

IBM's newest technology, the Power Edge of Network (PowerEN) processor, merges network and server attributes to create a new class of wire-speed processor. PowerEN is a hybrid computer that employs: massive multithreading capabilities, integrated I/O and unique special-purpose accelerators for compression, cryptography, pattern matching, XML and Network processing.
As a novel architecture, the PowerEN processor offers fertile ground for research. It can facilitate the ...

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Deterministic Distributed Vertex Coloring in Polylogarithmic Time

Leonid Barenboim

Tuesday, 01.03.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Haifux Club: UniversAAL: Open Source platform for Ambient Assisted Living and Smart Home
Environment

Vadim Eisenberg (IBM HRL and CS Technion)

Monday, 28.02.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

I will present two presentations about an EU FP7 IP project I work on, UniversAAL - http://universaal.org/.
The goal of the project is to develop an open source platform for Ambient Assisted Living (AAL).
Ambient Assisted Living is a kind of Smart Home environment for elderly people - for example,
a house equipped with different sensors and in which different devices, sensors
and home appliances are networked together and managed by software applications.
In addition, th...

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e-Science: Are we there yet?

Prof. David Abramson SPECIAL LECTURE note unusual hour

Sunday, 27.02.2011, 14:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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ABC - A New Framework for Block Ciphers

Uri Avraham

Wednesday, 23.02.2011, 13:00

Taub 601

We suggest a new framework for block ciphers named Advanced Block Cipher, or shortly ABC.
ABC has additional non-secret parameters that ensure that each call to the underlying block cipher uses a different pseudo-random permutation. It therefore ensures that attacks that require more than one block encrypted under the same secret permutation cannot apply. In particular, this framework protects against dictionary attacks, and differential and linear attacks, and eliminates weaknes...

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CGGC Seminar: Space-Time Reconstruction - Understanding Motion

Alla Sheffer (Computer Science, Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada)

Wednesday, 23.02.2011, 11:00

Taub 5

As research on space-time reconstruction matures, we should ask ourselves
what information we use to correctly leverage the temporal or motion
component of the data.
In my talk I will discuss several possible motion priors and their impact on
the reconstruction.
Specifically, I will address the observation that most changes in shape are
gradual, in both intrinsic and Euclidean sense.
I will discuss the impact of this observation on the interpretation of s...

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Bioinformatics Forum: Stochastic Effects in Viral-infected Dendritic Cells Lead to Efficient Immune Response Activation

Yishai Shimoni (Andrea Califano's Lab, Center for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (C2B2), Columbia University, New York)

Wednesday, 16.02.2011, 15:30

Taub 701

When monocyte-derived human dendritic cells (DCs) are infected by Newcastle
disease virus, the virus is known to be detected by RIG-I proteins, which
induces interferon production. Interferon activates a host of genes, including
the gene coding RIG-I. Single cell measurements is DCs show large cell to cell
variation of 3-4 orders of magnitude at 6-10 hours after infection. In order
analyze early times after infection, when reliable direct single cell data
cannot be obtained,...

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Cost-Aware Live Migration of Services in the Cloud

Gilad Kutiel

Wednesday, 16.02.2011, 13:30

Taub 601

Live migration of virtual machines is an important component of the emerging cloud computing paradigm.
While live migration provides extreme versatility of management,
it comes at a price of degraded service performance during migration.
The bulk of studies devoted to live migration of virtual machines focus on the duration of the copy phase as a primary metric of migration performance.
While shorter down times are clearly desirable,
the pre-copy phase imposes an overhead on ...

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Haifux Club: Encryption - Alice, Bob and Co. - Amichay Peretz Klopshtock

Amichay Peretz Klopshtock

Monday, 14.02.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

In this lecture I'll talk about the encryption methods that were common through history, How to use them, what their weaknesses are and how you can break them. During the lecture I will give examples. The audience is requested to bring writing equipment and paper.
No previous background required.
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The PARIS Algorithm for Determining Latent Topics

Michal Aharon

Tuesday, 08.02.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Density-Driven Publish Subscribe Service for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks

Anna Kaplun

Wednesday, 02.02.2011, 16:00

Taub 601

We study a publish/subscribe service for mobile ad-hoc networks.
Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks (MANETs) are formed by a collection of mobile nodes, each equipped with wireless communication capabilities, without relying on any fixed infrastructure or centralized administration.
A publish/subscribe system is responsible for delivering data from a source to interested users. A user expresses interest in receiving certain data by submitting a predicate about corresponding data content.
In ...

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Accelerating CIFS Over Satellite Networks

Muhamad Mjadleh

Wednesday, 02.02.2011, 12:30

Taub 601

CIFS is the underlying protocol in Windows OS's for disk
shares access such as copying files from and to remote
stations in the LAN, exploring disk shares and sending jobs to
a LAN printer. CIFS is also implemented for Linux/Unix OSs in
SAMBA. The CIFS protocol is chatty and suffers from redundancy
in messages even in simple and basic disk shares accesses.
CIFS's ineffectiveness is intensified in satellite networks in
which the round trip delay is large.
This work ...

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Task Superscalar Multiprocessors

Yoav Etsion

Tuesday, 01.02.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Haifux Club: Root on NFS: Running Linux on a Diskless Computer

Eli Billauer

Monday, 31.01.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

A motherboard, a CPU, and a memory stick. Add a fan and a power supply, and you have a little computer which boots from network and keeps all its data on a hosting computer's disk through NFS. The shopping list for new components goes as low as 600 NIS, which makes this an attractive solution in cases where a dedicated computer is useful, be it for mission-critical applications, cases where the hardware may be damaged or stolen, or because the OS is bound to crash often (kernel ha...

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Enumeration of Lattice Animals

Gadi Aleksandrowicz

Sunday, 30.01.2011, 13:00

Taub 337

A Lattice Animal is a set of edge-connected cells in a given lattice.
For example, the Tetris game is played with Lattice Animals
with 4 cells in the two-dimensional orthogonal lattice. The
enumeration of Lattice Animals is a long-time standing problem,
arising in all of recreational mathematics, discrete geometry,
and statistical physics. In this talk I will discuss a
generalization of Redelmeier's algorithm to the enumeration of
polyominoes that lie on any structural (repetitv...

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Analysis of affective behaviour: Non-verbal Speech - Feature Extraction, Multi-class & Multi-label Classification,
and Generalisation of the Technology

Tal Sobol Shikler

Thursday, 27.01.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Anonymous Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Neer Roggel

Wednesday, 26.01.2011, 14:00

Taub 601

A wireless, mobile, ad hoc network (MANET) is a network in which mobile nodes do
not rely on the existence of fixed infrastructure mediation devices, but rather
communicate with one another directly. Under certain scenarios, parties in a
MANET may wish to remain unidentified, in order to forestall retaliation by an
attacker. In this talk, we discuss mechanisms for anonymous routing in MANETs.
First, we note threats to anonymity in MANETs, derive a general adversary model
and use i...

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Theory Seminar: Quantum One-Way Communication can be Exponentially Stronger Than Classical Communication

Oded Regev (Tel-Aviv University)

Wednesday, 26.01.2011, 12:20

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

In STOC 1999, Raz presented a (partial) function for which there is a quantum protocol communicating only $O(\log n)$ qubits, but for which any classical (randomized, bounded-error) protocol requires $\poly(n)$ bits of communication. That quantum protocol requires two rounds of communication. Ever since Raz's paper it was open whether the same exponential separation can be achieved with a quantum protocol that uses only one round of communication. In other words, can quantum one-w...

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Models and Methods for Social Networks Automation

Royi Ronen

Wednesday, 26.01.2011, 11:30

Taub 601

This research is concerned with novel Web-related data management
scenarios. In particular, we consider database problems which arise from
social networks. In the talk, we will overview the main results of
this research.
In the first part, we introduce the Query Network model, a basic model for
social network automation using queries, with its evaluation algorithms and
related experiments. We also discuss extensions for the model, and present
a few theoretical results.
In ...

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Pixel Club: Multidimensional Image Representation and Processing Motivated by Human Vision

Shai Furman (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 25.01.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

A biological model of visual information representation is adopted. Images are represented accordingly in a multidimensional space that incorporates the well investigated dimensions of intensity, color and spatio-temporal frequency. The model is extended to incorporate additional, less investigated dimensions such as curvature, size and depth (for example - from binocular disparity). Along these and other dimensions, that are yet to be discovered, the human visual system (HVS) enh...

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General Techniques for Interpolation, Reconstruction, and Morphing of Polyhedral Surfaces

Amir Vaxman

Sunday, 23.01.2011, 13:00

Taub 337

The topic of shape reconstruction is a major research branch of geometric processing. The two major problems which are
commonly researched are reconstruction of two and three-dimensional objects from point sets,
and reconstruction from cross-sections. This research focuses on the latter, which has received a substantial
amount of attention in the last three decades,
and which has specifically gained considerable momentum in the last few years.
We propose two solutions for the ...

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Methods For Recognition By Graphical Style And Style Synthesis Using Local Analysis

Boaz Brickner

Wednesday, 19.01.2011, 15:00

Taub 601

Standard image classification algorithms classify an image by its content. Sometimes, we don't care about the image content and want to classify images by style. For example, if we have a set of paintings and we want to divide them to groups by their painting style or painter, we don't care if a car or a horse was painted. Another usage for classifying by style is when we have a painting and we are not sure whether it was really painted by a specific painter, and we want to check ...

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Theory Seminar: Hardness of Approximately Solving Linear Equations Over Reals

Dana Moshkovitz (MIT)

Wednesday, 19.01.2011, 12:20

Taub 401

We consider the problem of approximately solving a system of homogeneous
linear equations over reals, where each equation contains at most three
variables.
Since the all-zero assignment always satisfies all the equations exactly, we
restrict the assignments to be ``non-trivial". Here is an informal statement
of our result: it is NP-hard to distinguish whether there is a non-trivial
assignment that satisfies 1-\delta fraction of the equations or every
non-trivial assignment ...

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Haifux Club: A FOSS Yankee in Microsoft's Court

Boaz Goldstein (Microsoft)

Monday, 17.01.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

A year ago I started working for a small multi-national software giant named Microsoft. What I found is a company with rather surprising and odd corporate culture and habbits. This lecture will try to convey What microsoft is like on the inside.
Disclaimer: anything said in this lecture is my opinion alone and is not affiliated with microsoft in any way.
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Pixel Club: Immersive Visualization of Large Datasets

Prof. Arie Kaufman (CS, SUNY)

Sunday, 16.01.2011, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Scientists, engineers and physicians are now confronted with a fire hose of data. Immersive visualization environments provide these users with a novel way of interacting and reasoning with large datasets. They allow them to utilize the entirety of their visual bandwidth, effectively engulfing the user in the data and enabling collaborative interaction. We present a custom-built 5-wall Cave environment, called the Immersive Cabin (IC). It is driven by a GPU cluster for both comput...

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Designing presentations tools for multiple and high-resolution displays

Joel Lanir SPECIAL LECTURE

Thursday, 13.01.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Theory Seminar: Fault-tolerant Shortest Paths and Minimum Spanning Trees

Oren Weimann (Weizmann Institute)

Wednesday, 12.01.2011, 12:20

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

A fundamental problem in dynamic graphs is the recovery of structural information in a network whose edges occasionally fail. In a failure event, some subset of edges D are deleted and we want to quickly understand the structure of the surviving network G \ D.
In particular, I will discuss the problem of quickly recovering shortest paths and a minimum spanning tree in G \ D.
Let G = (V,E) be a directed edge-weighted graph and let P be a shortest path from s to t in G. ...

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Reconstruction in Trees

Nayantara Bhatnagar

Tuesday, 11.01.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Pixel Club: Non-Local Characterization of Scenery Images: Statistics, 3D Reasoning, and a Generative Model

Tammy Avraham (CS, Technion)

Tuesday, 11.01.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

This work focuses on characterizing scenery images. We semantically divide the objects in natural landscape scenes into background and foreground and show that the shapes of the regions associated with these two types are statistically different. We then focus on the background regions. We study statistical properties such as size and shape, location and relative location, the characteristics of the boundary curves and the correlation of the properties to the region's semantic ide...

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Theory Seminar: Pseudorandom Generators from Invariance Principles

Raghu Meka (University of Texas at Austin)

Sunday, 09.01.2011, 12:30

Taub 539

Invariance principles or limit theorems have recently found several important applications in theoretical computer
science. In this talk I'll present some recent results with the broad theme of constructing pseudorandom
generators from invariance principles. The first set of results concerns the natural question of constructing
pseudorandom generators (PRGs) for low-degree polynomial threshold functions (PTFs). We give a PRG
with seed-length log
n/eps^{O(d)}$ fooling degr...

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Concurrent Data Structures: Methodologies and Inherent Limitations

Eshcar Hilel

Sunday, 09.01.2011, 11:30

Taub 401

As multi-core and multiprocessing architectures are becoming common, modern
applications require concurrent data structures for their computations.
Designing concurrent data structures and ensuring their correctness
is a difficult task; significantly more challenging than doing so
for their sequential counterparts.
Transactional memory (TM), a programming model in
which concurrent processes synchronize via in-memory transactions,
is one prominent approach for alleviating the diff...

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Verifying Linearizability with Hindsight

Noam Rinetzky SPECIAL LECTURE

Thursday, 06.01.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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Theory Seminar: Lower Bounds on Near Neighbor Search via Metric Expansion

Udi Weider (Microsoft Research)

Wednesday, 05.01.2011, 13:20

Taub 701 (note unusual room)

We show that the cell probe complexity of performing nearest neighbor (NNS) search on a metric space is tightly related to the expansion of the metric space: Given a metric space we look at the graph obtained by connecting every pair of points within a certain distance r. We then look at various notions of expansion in this graph relating them to the cell probe complexity of NNS for randomized and deterministic, exact and approximate algorithms. These relationships can be used to ...

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Building a Bridge between Incentives and Computation

Shahar Dobzinski

Tuesday, 04.01.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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The Computational Complexity of Linear Optics

Scott Aaronson SPECIAL LECTURE

Tuesday, 04.01.2011, 12:30

Room 401 Taub NOTE UNUSUAL TIME AND PLACE Bld.

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Pixel Club: Perceptual Fragments: Bottom-Up and Top-Down Use of Shape in Object Recognition

Benjamin Kimia (Brown University)

Tuesday, 04.01.2011, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The bottom-up “segmentation followed by recognition” strategy has for some time now given way to feature-based discriminative recognition with significant success. As the number of categories and exemplars per category increases, however, low-level features are no longer sufficiently discriminative, motivating the construction and use of more complex features. It is argued here that these complex features will necessarily be encoding shape and this in turn requires curves and ...

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Haifux Club: From VxWorks To Linux

Raz Ben Yehuda

Monday, 03.01.2011, 18:30

Taub 6

Preempt RT is a growing hard real time linux OS. In this session I will present Preempt RT basics and uniqueness, provide a Live demo, present a benchmark of a company that is migrating from vxworks to Preempt RT and discuss the non-techinical aspects of migrating to linux.
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Conspiracies, Cooperation and Power

Yoram Bachrach

Sunday, 02.01.2011, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

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